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Error

_tkinter.TclError: couldn't connect to display "localhost:11.0"


Problem

Python tried to create an interactive figure window, which fails because you work on a server or screen session without graphical output (no X11 display).

Solution

If you only want to plot figures to files (pdf, png,..), set matplotlib screen output to  'Agg' before importing pylab or pyplot.

import matplotlib
matplotlib.use('Agg')
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

plt.plot([1,4,3,6,12,20])
plt.savefig('plot.pdf')



http://matplotlib.org/faq/howto_faq.html#generate-images-without-having-a-window-appear